Apart from the fact that we need to restructure our federal system of government to reflect true federalism, there is also the need for us to consider restructuring our presidential system by making the process of electing leaders more rigorous. We might therefore need to consider replacing the Presidential system with a Parliamentary system.
Experts have argued that if we had parliamentary democracy system here in Nigeria, we would not have had the crop of ridiculous leaders we have had in all tiers of government. The rigorous nature of the parliamentary system will certainly not allow such persons make it through to head the government.
We indeed need a system that is rigorous in electing our leaders but simple and prudent in removing them.
We propose the following form of government.
- Nigeria should adopt a parliamentary system of government. The Ethiopian System is recommended.
- There should be a House of Parliament possessing both the legislative and executive powers.
- Members of parliament must be elected from the various states and ethnic nationalities that make up Nigeria and on an equal basis.
- The President shall be the head of government and nominated from and by the members of parliament
- The Prime Minister shall be elected from and by the parliament and shall act as the chief executive, chairman of council of ministers and commander in chief of the armed forces.
- There shall be a council of ministers comprising members of parliament and any other member as may be allowed by law.
- The federal, state and community governments shall adopt the same parliamentary model in running their independent governments.
- We propose that further study be carried out on the Ethiopian model for compatibility with Nigeria’s heterogeneous society.
TYPES OF LEGISLATURE
Our recommendation for type of legislature is as follows;
- We propose that there should be a single House of Parliament known as the ‘House of Tribesmen’.
- This House of Tribesmen shall constitute the parliament which shall carry out executive and legislative duties.
- Every Ethnic Nationality having up to one million documented population or as may be defined by law shall be represented in this house by one member.
- Elections into the House of Tribesmen shall be conducted and decided by the state governments.
- Every ethnic nationality having more than ten million in documented population shall have not more than three representatives at the Federal House of Tribesmen
- Every state government recognized by the federal constitution shall have at least a member represented in this House.
- The tenure of these members of parliament shall be decided by the federal constitution.
- Every member of this parliament shall be sponsored by its state council (government). This includes remuneration, accommodation and other needs. However, there shall be a fixed federal sitting allowance for each Member of Parliament as may be agreed by FG.
- Duties of this parliament shall include all legislative and executive functions. The official language of the parliament shall be a generally accepted indigenous language (i.e, Pidgin or English)
- The council of Ministers shall emerge from this parliament.
- The Prime Minister, Speaker and President shall emerge from this parliament.
- The Speaker shall be the Head of Legislative Matters while the Prime Minister, President and Council of Ministers shall manage the executive Matters. All National Issues must be subject to rigorous parliamentary debate before approval.